Ticks Found in Indiana
If you enjoy being outside and live in a wooded area of northern Indiana ticks are likely to be a pest that you will encounter on a regular basis. Ticks go through a 4 stage life cycle: egg, six-legged larva, eight-legged nymph, and adult. After hatching, ticks must eat blood at every stage of development to survive. They feed on all types of animals including birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals (including you, your children, and your pets!).
Approximately 15 species of ticks are found in Indiana four of which are a concern to public health.
American Dog Tick Left to Right: un-engorged female, 1/4 engorged, 1/2 engorged and fully engorged
The American Dog Tick (Dermacentor variabilis) is the most common tick found on humans in Indiana, and these ticks are found in every Indiana county. They feed on mice, livestock, wild animals, pets and humans. Their preferred hosts are dogs and medium sized mammals. The American dog tick transmits bacteria that cause Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia and anaplasmosis. Dogs may also get hepatozoonosis by ingesting the tick.
Deer Tick Left to Right: unengorged female, 1/4 engorged, 1/2 engorged and fully engorged.
The Deer Tick or black legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) is mostly prevalent in the northwest section of Indiana. Deer ticks feed on a wide range of animals, and they can be found on birds, reptiles, many species of mammals and humans. The deer tick can transmit Lyme disease, anaplasmosis and babesiosis.
Brown Dog Tick Left to Right: unengorged female, 1/4 engorged, 1/2 engorged and fully engorged
The Brown Dog Tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus) is found throughout Indiana. It will feed on many different mammals, but dogs are the main host. The brown dog tick can complete its entire life cycle indoors. This can cause infestations in the home and kennels. It rarely causes disease in humans, however, the brown dog tick has been recently found to carry Rickettsia rickettsii which causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever. It is a vector of disease in dogs that cause canine erhlichiosis, babesiosis and hepatozoonosis.
Lone Star Tick Left to Right: unengorged female, 1/4 engorged, 1/2 engorged and fully engorged
The Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum) is found throughout Indiana but is more common in the southern portion of the state. It is commonly encountered in moist woodlands. These ticks feed on small and large mammals, livestock, pets, ground dwelling birds and humans. The lone star tick is a vector for Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, tularemia and Southern tick associated rash illness.
As always if you have a problem with, or even just a question about, mosquitoes or ticks (or any other yard pests) feel free to call Damien Carboneau—“The Mosquito Guy” anytime at 574-527-8852. He’ll be happy to speak with you!
At Indiana Mosquito Busters we want to help you live MOSQUITO and TICK FREE!